Benford’s law (BL), also known as the first‐digit law, is an intriguing pattern in data sets, first discovered more than a century ago then forgotten and rediscovered in the twentieth century. This law establishes that the frequency of occurrence of the first digit in many real‐world data sets is not uniform, but instead favors the first digits. In particular, the occurrence of numbers starting with 1 and 2 is close to 30% and 18%, respectively, whereas numbers starting with 8 or 9 are close to 5%. This law was first formulated in the late nineteenth century by the Canadian–American astronomer...

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