As part of the design process, most engineering applications require a response spectrum or earthquake time series as input to structural models to simulate their response. In the last few decades, the number of recordings from large earthquakes has exponentially increased, and seismic records are constantly being compiled and updated. However, there is still a limited number of records available for large magnitude events (M>7) recorded at close distances (within 10–20 km). Other source‐site configurations, such as those leading to hanging‐wall or rupture directivity effects, may also not have been widely captured by recorded events. There is a...

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