Structural estimation of unconsolidated sediments and basins is of fundamental importance for resources exploration, geohazard assessments, and other geophysical aspects. The estimation contributes not only to the understanding of the tectonic settings, but also to the choice of parameters for possible further seismic processing, for example, predictive deconvolution, the result of which could be used for imaging the subsurface structures below the basin.

Within a number of conventional passive‐seismic methodologies, the Nakamura technique (Nakamura, 1989), initially proposed for the purpose of eliminating the effect of Rayleigh waves from noise records, is widely applied. This technique can be used...

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