The 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku‐Oki earthquake was the most disastrous known event in Japan,triggering a powerful tsunami wave with a maximum amplitude of ∼40  m (Mori et al., 2012). At least 15,883 people were killed and over 6145 injured, with a total economic loss of more than $235 billion U.S., making it the costliest natural disaster in world history (Emergency Disaster Countermeasures Headquarters, 2011; Hennessy‐Fiske, 2011). The earthquake occurred at 14:46:24 Japan Standard Time (05:46:24 UTC), with epicenter location at 38.297° N, 142.372° E and depth of 30 km (U.S. Geological Survey...

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