With the rapid expansion of large cities around the world, urban geological surveys provide key information regarding resource development and urban construction. Detailed geological information (e.g., sediment thickness, water table, bedrock structure, rock strength, faults, etc.) is critical to safeguarding large‐structure stability and its operational safety. China’s capital city, Beijing, is one of the largest cities around the world that possesses complex geological structures. Beijing (N39.5°∼41°, E115.5°∼117.5°) is located in the northern area of the Bohai Bay basin, which is surrounded by the Taihang Mountains fold belt to the west, Yanshan fold belt to the north, and Jiliao (Hebei–Liaoning) Rift...

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