The Tehran metropolis is located in an extensive area between the Alborz mountain belt to the north and the central Iranian plateau to the south. Tehran, as the political and economic capital of Iran, is considered one of the most populated cities in the world. From the point of view of vulnerability to natural disasters, Tehran is of great concern because of its basic infrastructures and population concentration.

The Alborz mountain belt is a part of the Himalayan–Alps orogenic belt with numerous active faults, including the Mosha reverse fault, the North Tehran thrust fault, the Parchin, the Kahrizak, and the...

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