High‐rate Global Positioning Systems (GPS) observations can record ground motions from moderate to strong earthquakes at distances of a few kilometers up to thousands of kilometers (Larson et al., 2003; Bock et al., 2004; Ohta et al., 2006; Wang et al., 2007; Davis and Smalley, 2009; Delouis et al., 2010; Shi et al., 2010; Yue and Lay, 2011). These observations detect strong signals such as S wave and surface waves (Kouba, 2003; Larson et al., 2003; Irwan et al., 2004...

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