Charles Darwin, one of the most influential scientists in history, visited South America as a shipboard naturalist on the round‐the‐world voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, a ten‐gun brig of the British Navy. His first‐hand research of the great 1835 Chile earthquake contributed important scientific ideas about the origin of tsunamis, mountain building, and the role of prograde Rayleigh waves in generating earthquake damage (Malischewsky Auning et al., 2006, 2008; Castaños and Lomnitz, 2012).

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The great earthquake and tsunami of 20 February 1835, with epicenter near Concepción, Chile, was among the largest seismic events in Latin...

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