The Tehran region is one of the most densely concentrated areas of seismic activity in northern Iran. This region is dominated by the central Alborz Mountains belt and a large composite cone, the Damavand volcano. Located in the foothills of the Alborz Mountains, the city of Tehran, with a population of ∼15 million, is subject to high seismic risk (Jackson 2006; Berberian 2005). It is also surrounded by many active faults that have caused destructive earthquakes in the past (Berberian and Yeats 2001). Recent seismicity studies (e.g., Mottaghi et al. 2010) indicate...

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