The Indian subcontinent is prone to earthquakes in both interplate and intraplate regions. Areas that have been identified as severe seismic regions include the Himalayan belt in the north from Kashmir to Manipur; Gujarat in the west; and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the southeast. The faults in these areas are capable of generating large-magnitude earthquakes that would subject neighboring areas to significant ground shaking. Thus, seismic hazard assessment is of prime importance in India.

The relative velocity of the Indian plate with respect to the Eurasian plate near Delhi is about 5 cm/yr in the direction of N13°...

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