Seismic activity in Pakistan has generally been concentrated in the northern part of the country, the northern and southwestern parts of Balochistan Province, and the coastal areas of Sindh Province, as reflected in the Pakistan seismic zoning map (Figure 1). In the last one hundred years alone, the country has experienced the M 7.5 1935 Quetta earthquake (30,000 fatalities), M 8.0 1945 Makran Coast earthquake (4,000 fatalities), M 6.2 1974 northern Pakistan earthquake (5,300 fatalities), and M 7.6 2005 Pakistan earthquake (86,000 fatalities) (U.S. Geological Sur vey historic worldwide earthquakes, http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/world/historical_country.php#pakistan). Pakistan unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings suffered...

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