It is well known that site effects often contribute to earthquake damage. The first time that site effects during an earthquake were pointed out in India was by MacMurdo (1823) for the 1819 Mw 7.8 earthquake (Figure 1). He wrote in his report, “At Anjar, half of the town, which is situated on low rocky ridges, suffered comparatively nothing; whilst the other half, upon a slope to a plain of springs and swamps, into which the town is drained, was entirely overturned.”

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Site effects at Anjar city were noticed again during the 1956 Mw 6.0 Anjar...

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