In the pre-1900 time-window of earthquake catalogs, it is not unusual to come face-to-face with “fake” earthquakes erroneously listed among true ones. Such mistakes have been disclosed for many events, and their nature revealed and discussed in quite a number of papers in the last thirty years. Some discoveries of fake earthquakes originated from the revision of national catalogs (e.g., for France, Vogt 1979; for Italy, Guidoboni and Ferrari 1986 and Bellettati et al. 1993; for Germany, see a summary in Grünthal 2004), and others come from projects dealing with European-wide catalogs (e.g.,...

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