India has long been affected by damaging earthquakes. The recent Khillari (30 September 1993), Jabalpur (22 May 1997), Chamoli (29 March 1999), and Bhuj (26 January 2001) earthquakes have increased awareness of the need for earthquake disaster mitigation in India. The Khillari, Jabalpur, a Bhuj earthquakes, which caused severe damage to life and property, occurred in peninsular India, which is traditionally considered free from earthquakes. Thus, no part of India is free from seismic hazard.

The approach of seismic hazard estimation in India has been to follow the code IS-1893 (2002) brought out by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The...

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