The 4-D evolution of topography is a complex scientific topic in geosciences that requires interdisciplinary efforts. In Europe, increased attention toward this research topic was originally coordinated by the TOPO-EUROPE initiative (Cloetingh et al. 2007), which has led to a continent-wide research program under the auspices of the European Science Foundation. One project within that framework is titled “TopoScandiaDeep— the Scandinavian Mountains: Deep Processes,” which aims at developing a self-consistent geophysical model for the lithosphere-asthenosphere system under southern Norway and at understanding the mechanisms that led to mountain-building far away from the plate boundary. A major component of...

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