The seismic activity along the Mexican coastline, where the Cocos, Rivera, and Pacific plates collide with the North American plate, represents the source of most of the strong earthquakes experienced by the different civilizations that have developed over the centuries in the Mexican territory, as documented by the inhabitants of the Valley of Mexico prior to the arrival of the Spaniards (Figure 1), who referred to an earthquake that occurred in the year Uno Pedernal (One Flint), corresponding to the year 1480 (Suarez and Acosta 1996).

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The Pacific Mexican coast, consisting of the states of Jalisco,...

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