IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (hereafter IEEE 802.16; online at is one of the most promising mobile and fixed broadband wireless access technologies for next-generation all-IP networks in the 3.5 GHz band (European spectrum profile). Commonly known as Universal WiMAX (worldwide inter-operability for microwave access), this access technology reaches a high bit rate and covers large areas with a single base station, making it possible to offer connectivity to end users in a cost-effective way. A further useful property of the WiMAX technology is that the transmission can be used both in line-of-sight (LOS) and...

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