An earthquake with moment magnitude 5.8 occurred at 15:09 local time on 12 October 1992 at an epicentral distance of 25 km southwest of Cairo, the capital of Egypt. In this article, we analyze possible causes for failure of structures at the seriously damaged area. This earthquake was the first disastrous one to have occurred near the city of Cairo since 1847. Although it was defined as a moderate magnitude event, it gave a serious mental shock to many Egyptians in addition to injuries, loss of lives, and property damage. There are no records of strong ground motion at the...

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