Charles Lyell (1797–1875) was the great advocate of “Huttonian” principles, whereby present Earth activity is regarded as the key to interpreting past rock assemblages. His famous Principles of Geology went through twelve editions between 1830 and 1876, over which time his thoughts on the relationship between earthquakes and faults evolved considerably. The first edition was Charles Darwin's vade mecum on the voyage of the Beagle (1832–1836), constantly referred to (Darwin, 1845). In the course of this voyage Darwin observed more than 3 m of coastal uplift accompanying the great Chilean earthquake of 1835. Few seismologists today would consider...

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