To evaluate the occurrence of large earthquakes and associated damaging ground motions, probabilistic ground-motion maps have been published for the United States, Japan, and other countries (Frankel et al., 1996; Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion, 2005; Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program, 1999). These maps are constructed by combining large amounts of data and model estimates of seismicity, distance attenuation, and local site response. A complementary map of maximum ground motion (intensity) also can be constructed empirically from a good record of historical intensity, for example, the compiled reports in Japan. Some past studies have used...

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