Risk assessment and/or mitigation are the ultimate goal of any hazard analysis. Scientists engaged in the analysis of seismic hazard should know the end use of their analysis in calculating the design strength of buildings, and the risk to life and property from the code-designed buildings.

Buildings designed according to the seismic provisions of 2O03 IBC (ICC, 2003) or ASCE 7 (2002) are expected to protect lives and keep damage at repairable levels when subjected to the design ground motions (BSSC, 2001). The return period of the design ground motions is not apparent in...

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