Mt. Vesuvius is potentially one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. It is located practically within the urban area of Naples and its activity is characterized by strong explosive eruptions, such as the Plinian eruption that destroyed Pompeii in A.D. 79. This volcano has been monitored by the Vesuvius Observatory (V.O.), which has conducted geophysical and geochemical monitoring since 1841. Since that time, Mt. Vesuvius has experienced only open conduit eruptions, with some effusive eruptions (see, the last of which (in 1944) was followed by conduit closure and return to an apparently dormant state. From the...

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