On 14 March 1951 an earthquake of local magnitude 5.1 (Hinzen and Oemisch, 2001) with a hypocenter near the town of Euskirchen, Germany caused injuries and property damage estimated at several million Deutsche Mark (DM). In the nearby town of Arloff, eight schoolchildren were injured by falling roof tiles and chimney parts (Kölner Stadtanzeiger, 1951). Since no local seismic monitoring was available in this area, a seismic station (BNS) to monitor seismic activity in the northern Rhine area was promptly established by the University of Cologne (Ahorner, 1997). In the mid-1970's, the single-station...

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