Recognition of active faults, particularly in low-seismicity regions such as Western Europe, has been a challenging task for Earth scientists for many years. These regions are generally characterized by low hazard but high risk due to the concentration of population and structures with high vulnerability. Detection of tectonic deformation that may lead to destructive earthquakes in such areas requires innovative research strategies appropriate to the climate, slow deformation rates, and heavy human modification.

The variety and amount of information involved in the characterization of slowly deforming faults, which we call slow active faults, are in general distributed between different research...

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