Earthquakes never kill people, but collapses of buildings and houses induced by earthquakes do. This is common knowledge among engineers. Except for casualties caused by tsunami and landslides, human losses due to earthquakes could be reduced to zero if construction could incorporate complete aseismic resistance. Based on this basic strategy, earthquake engineering has succeeded in developing aseismic design, construction technologies, strengthening methods, and so on. Seismology has provided information for estimating seismic ground motion that is used as the input to structures for consideration in terms of earthquake engineering, and also the knowledge of the phenomenon of earthquakes themselves. This...

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