Italy could be defined as the land where “Earth science language” was born. In fact, volcanoes and earthquakes have played an important role in the evolution of Mediterranean culture. Mt. Etna and the Vulcano and Stromboli islands (the Aeolian Archipelago) are central figures in Greek and Roman mythology, and earthquakes and floods are often found in their legends and myths. This cultural heritage, derived from a long-term exposure to natural hazards, makes Italy an excellent source of Earth science information. Many terms, like “strombolian” or “volcanian”, etc., used to describe natural phenomena, come from the Italian language. Moreover, some of...

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