The economic and social effects of earthquakes can be reduced through a comprehensive assessment of seismic hazard and risk that leads to increased public awareness, seismically sensitive land-use planning, and the implementation of seismically sound building-construction codes. Critical analysis and assessment of the implications of the occurrence of seismic hazard require information comprising both spatial and nonspatial factors influencing the hazard. The recent spurt in damaging earthquakes in India has made it imperative to actively seek reasons and remedies for the damage and loss of life caused by the moderate earthquakes. The recent disastrous earthquakes of Chamoli (29 March 1999),...

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