The Arabian Plate extends from the Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea to southeastern Turkey, and from the Red Sea to the Zagros Mountains in Iran. It is bounded by all major types of tectonic margins: divergent, convergent, and transform (Figure 1).

The Gulf of Aqaba is a narrow gulf that extends to the northeast from the top of the Red Sea (Figure 2). A spreading ridge plate boundary runs through the middle of the Red Sea (Ambraseys et al., 1994). Growth of the Red Sea causes the Arabian Plate to move to...

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