The Mw 7.6 Republic Day earthquake that shook the Indian province of Gujarat on the morning of 26 January 2001 was the most deadly in India's recorded history (Figure 1). One month after the earthquake official Government of India figures placed the death toll at 19,727 and the number of injured at 166,000. Preliminary indications are that 600,000 people were left homeless, with 348,000 houses destroyed and an additional 844,000 damaged. The Indian State Department estimates that the earthquake affected, directly or indirectly, 15.9 million people, nearly 50% of the population of Gujarat. More than 20,000 cattle...

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