Liquefaction and paleoliquefaction studies are being used increasingly to interpret ground motion parameters (i.e., acceleration distribution, earthquake magnitude, and epicentral location) in regions of the world that experience infrequent, but damaging, earthquakes. These studies are especially applicable when the most recent damaging earthquakes occurred prior to the development of ground-motion instrumentation. For example, Martin and Clough (1994) examined liquefaction features formed during the 1886 Charleston, South Carolina earthquake; Pond (1996) and Obermeier and Pond (1999) examined paleoliquefaction features formed during a number of paleoearthquakes in the Wabash Valley region along the Indiana–Illinois...

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