The Eifel region is a mountain range belonging to the Rhenish Massif in central Europe. It is located in western Germany close to France, Luxembourg, and Belgium. The volcanic fields in the East Eifel and West Eifel (Figure 1) evolved in the last 600 ka, and the last eruptions occurred only 11-12 ka B.P. Twenty kilometers northwest of Koblenz the Laacher See volcano erupted at least 5 km3 of phonolitic magma (Bogaard and Schmincke, 1985) 12.2 ka ago—an amount that is comparable to the 1991 Pinatubo eruption. The intraplate volcanism in the Eifel region and...

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