On 9 September 1998, at 13:28 local time (11:28 UTC), a moderate earthquake of Mw = 5.6 struck the Southern Apennines at the northwest margin of the Pollino Massif (the highest mountain range of the region, reaching elevations above 2,000 m a.s.l.; Figures 1 and 2). The macroseismic epicenter is located about 3 km southeast of Lauria, with a maximum intensity of VIII on the MCS scale (or MM or MSK; see below for a correlation among macroseismic scales); thus we refer to this event as the Lauria earthquake. Historical towns—such as Lagonegro, Lauria, and Castelluccio—suffered significant damage,...

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