Estimating the corner frequency (fc) of an earthquake is of fundamental importance to improving our knowledge of the physics of the rupture that gives rise to a seismic event, while also having important implications by providing information on the high‐frequency radiation for seismic hazard studies. However, the estimation of fc through spectral‐fitting methods suffers from trade‐offs with the estimation of seismic wave attenuation, making the obtained values precise but not necessarily accurate. For this reason, after a review of the source model proposed by Brune (1970), a new method of estimating fc, based on the phase fitting of Fourier spectra of the Brune’s seismic pulse related to S‐waves, called Fourier phase spectra fitting (FPS), is proposed and evaluated in this study. The method can be applied in cases in which Brune’s model may be appropriate, while also considering the effects of propagation on impulse deformation, for which the synthetic tests have been conducted. The results, obtained first using synthetic seismograms generated under controlled conditions and then on a data set of recordings of real seismic events collected at the Groningen gas field in the Netherlands, showed the method to be promising (being accurate and precise) and at the same time pointed out its limitations, with its applicability being restricted to short hypocentral distances of <20 km.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.