Thirty‐seven portable accelerometers were deployed in the eastern San Francisco Bay communities of Walnut Creek and Concord to study site response in a fault‐bounded, urban, sedimentary basin. Local earthquakes were recorded for a period of two years from 2017 to 2019 resulting in 101 well‐recorded events. Site response is estimated by two methods: the reference site spectral ratio method and a source‐site spectral inversion method. The reference site spectral ratio method allows investigation of the variability of site amplification with source azimuth and frequency. The source‐site spectral inversion method yields the best least‐squares fit to site response for a database of ground‐motion records. Both methods show substantial amplification in the Walnut Creek–Concord basin below 2 Hz indicating strong surface‐wave development. Greater amplification is seen for sources aligned along the long axis of the basin. Inversion using close‐in sources at short distances yields lower amplification at longer periods than the entire data set due to reduced surface‐wave generation for steeper angles of incidence. Inversion of site response spectra for shallow shear‐wave velocity using a global search algorithm yields VS30 values consistent with generalized mapping results based on geology and topography but with greater variability due to local site variations. 3D finite‐element modeling shows greater amplification in the Walnut Creek–Concord basin with a basin‐edge effect likely contributing to higher ground motions. Topography is also seen to lead to increased scattering and shadowing effects.

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