Understanding the modulatory influence of fault‐scale geology on seismic behavior of earthquake faults is central to determining the physics of faulting and seismic hazard analysis. Although laboratory experiments predict that seismic parameters can be modulated by fault‐scale geology, there is scant empirical evidence of this process at field scale due largely to a lack of shallow earthquakes of which causative faults can be mapped to known bedrock structure. The 20 May 2016 Mw 6 Petermann Ranges earthquake (PRE) is the best‐recorded continental event in Australia to date, and it is an excellent candidate to investigate the possible link between seismic parameters and fault‐scale geology as its causative fault has previously been linked to known bedrock structure using distributions of aftershocks, surface observations, and geophysical mapping. In this study, we analyze strain energy partitioning of PRE by determining seismic radiation efficiency (0.31) and apparent stress (0.34 MPa) together with previously estimated stress drop (2.2 MPa) and find that the combination of these macroseismic parameters deviates from that expected of a shallow immature fault in intraplate continental regions typically characterized by large recurrence intervals. It instead appears to have mimicked a mature fault, which we attribute to the characteristics of the causative fault confined to mechanically weaker, phyllosilicate‐rich foliations of the bedrock that have anomalously lower fracture energy. Therefore, PRE rupture suggests the presence of a spectrum of shallow (<20 km) fault slip behavior modulated by fault‐scale geology.

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