Accurate regional seismic travel‐time (RSTT) predictions rely on regional phases (e.g., Pg, Lg, Pn, Sn) to account for 3D effects in the crust and upper mantle that are not captured by 1D models traditionally used for real‐time location. The RSTT prediction model accounts for regional‐scale crust and upper mantle structure globally by incorporating regional seismic phases into its travel‐time calculations. Previous versions of the RSTT model have used a constant grid cell size of 1°. To improve the tomographic accuracy of recovering velocity structure at regional scales, we perform data‐driven grid refinement on the RSTT model down to a 0.125° grid (∼14 km) in pursuit of two main goals: (1) to test the limits of RSTT capability and accuracy of determined velocity structure through variable grid refinement and (2) to image smaller structures in Israel and the Middle East and illuminate upper mantle dynamics operating in this complex tectonic area. We investigate the effects of model parameterization as grid cell size decreases and the trade‐offs between recovered velocity structures. Our final dataset includes 4751 events and 499 stations that recorded 79,344 Pn and 7489 Pg. The variable grid refinement method allows recovery of finer‐scale velocity structures and reduces travel‐time residuals in areas with the highest data coverage. At smaller grid cell sizes, longer paths need to be upweighted to stabilize the inversion. Results illuminate tectonic features undefined in coarser grid‐size models; in particular, we observe mantle perturbations related to the subduction zone around the Cyprian arc and crustal anomalies near the Dead Sea fault and throughout the Anatolian plate.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.