Reliable quantification of ground motions proximal to the source and fault displacement caused by surface rupturing are primary concerns for site‐specific seismic hazard analyses (SHA) and fault displacement hazard analyses (FDHA). Such analyses are crucial for critical infrastructures near or crossing active faults, including nuclear power plants, nuclear waste repositories, pipelines, high‐rise buildings, long‐span bridges, chemical plants, dams, and so forth. These hazard analyses require integration of the best available information about how surface ruptures, near‐fault ground motions and permanent ground displacements are controlled by region‐specific geology, site effects, seismic sources, and near‐source wave propagation. The development of reliable empirical...

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