ABSTRACT

The most popular array‐based microtremor survey methods estimate velocity structures from the phase velocities of Rayleigh waves. Using the phase velocity of Love waves improves the resolution of inverted velocity models. In this study, we present a method to estimate the phase velocity of Love waves using rotational array data derived from the horizontal component of microtremors observed using an ordinal nested triangular array. We obtained discretized spatial derivatives from a first‐order Taylor series expansion to calculate rotational motions from observed array seismograms. Rotational motions were obtained from a triangular subarray consisting of three receivers using discretized spatial derivatives. Four rotational‐motion time histories were calculated from different triangular subarrays in the nested triangular arrays. Phase velocities were estimated from the array of the four rotational motions. We applied the proposed Love‐wave phase‐velocity estimation technique to observed array microtremor data obtained using a nested triangular array with radii of 25 and 50 m located at the Institute for Integrated Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University. The phase velocities of rotational and vertical motions were estimated from the observed data, and results showed that the former were smaller than those of the latter. The observed phase velocities obtained from vertical and rotational components agreed well with the theoretical Rayleigh‐ and Love‐wave phase velocities calculated from the velocity structure model derived from nearby PS logs. To show the ability of the rotation to obtain Love wave, we estimated apparent phase velocities from north–south or east–west components. The apparent velocities resulted in between the theoretical velocities of Rayleigh and Love waves. This result indicates that the calculated rotation effectively derived the Love waves from a combination of Love and Rayleigh waves.

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