ABSTRACT

This short note examines the downgoing wave effect and the appearance of pseudoresonances in downhole array data. It is demonstrated that pseudoresonances, distinct from the resonances associated with outcrop conditions, occur for sites with a shallow velocity contrast (VC) or with little to no VC. An approach is outlined to distinguish pseudoresonances from outcrop resonances using the theoretical 1D transfer functions for within and outcrop boundary conditions, as well as the horizontal‐to‐vertical spectral ratio. This approach is applied to hypothetical shear‐wave velocity profiles, as well as three downhole array sites. We establish the importance of distinguishing pseudoresonances from outcrop resonances when using downhole array data to evaluate the accuracy of the 1D site response. For the example downhole array sites shown, the pseudoresonances are not captured well by 1D analysis, whereas the outcrop resonances are captured well. We propose that when evaluating the accuracy of 1D site‐response analysis using downhole array data, the comparisons of the empirical and theoretical responses only consider the frequency range associated with outcrop resonances.

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