ABSTRACT

For crustal earthquakes, the scaling relationship between the seismic moment M0 and rupture area S varies with the size of the earthquake, due to the limited thickness of the seismogenic layer. In those M0S scaling relations, in most cases, the calculated static stress drop is altered with the size of earthquake, although the change depends on the assumed fault model. However, it is not clear whether the dependence of the stress drop on M0 is physically reasonable. In this study, the scaling relation between M0 and S, which assumes a constant stress drop over a wide M0 range, is discussed based on the analytical stress drop formula of a rectangular strike‐slip fault. In the proposed relation, M0 is proportional to S3/2 for small and medium faults and to S1 for long faults. In addition, the relation between M0 and S varies in the intermediate range, depending on the aspect ratio. The scaling relation showed good agreement with past event data when the saturated rupture width was set to around 15–20 km and the stress drop was set to about 3 MPa.

You do not currently have access to this article.