Abstract

Static offsets produced by the 26 December 2004 M ∼9 Sumatra– Andaman earthquake as measured by Global Positioning System (gps) reveal a large amount of slip along the entire ≳1300 km-long rupture. Most seismic slip inversions place little slip on the Andaman segment, whereas both near-field and far-field gps offsets demand large slip on the Andaman segment. We compile available datasets of the static offset to render a more detailed picture of the static-slip distribution. We construct geodetic offsets such that postearthquake positions of continuous gps sites are reckoned to a time 1 day after the earthquake and campaign gps sites are similarly corrected for postseismic motions. The newly revised slip distribution (Mw 9.22) reveals substantial segmentation of slip along the Andaman Islands, with the southern quarter slipping ∼15 m in unison with the adjacent Nicobar and northern Sumatran segments of length ∼700 km. We infer a small excess of geodetic moment relative to the seismic moment. A similar compilation of gps offsets from the 28 March 2005 Nias earthquake is well explained with dip slip averaging several meters (Mw = 8.66) distributed primarily at depths greater than 20 km.

Online material: Offset estimation procedure, comparison of results to other studies and simpler solutions, and tables of coseismic offsets.

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