Abstract

The moment tensor inversion for multiple point sources, based on Kikuchi and Kanamori (1991), was extended to full waveform data at regional (or local) distances. The new code proved to be efficient for retrieving major source contributions of the 2003 Lefkada, Greece, earthquake. The source model was derived from five three-component regional stations (epicentral distances <140 km), at periods 10–20 s. Two main events dominated the rupture process, one at the Lefkada Island (comprising three subevents of total moment 0.9 × 1018 N m) and the other at the Cephalonia Island (comprising one subevent of 0.5 × 1018 N m). Their spatial and temporal separation is 40 km and 14 s, respectively. They can be understood as two earthquakes. The uncertainty estimate based on reduced data sets (repeatedly excluding a station) shows that the Cephalonia subevent and the major Lefkada subevent are very well resolved regarding their position, time, and focal mechanism. The source model explains well the aftershock distribution, characterized by two clusters at the Lefkada and Cephalonia Islands, respectively. The focal mechanisms of the two main subevents are predominantly right-lateral strike slip of south-southwest–north-northeast orientation. The Cephalonia subevent occurred on a less steeply dipping fault with a small thrust component. Large deviations from pure double couple were found but interpreted as artifacts. The new software developed in this article (Fortran code and Matlab graphic user interface) is freely available.

Online material: Color graphics and 3D visualization of the 2003 Lefkada earthquake sequence.

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