Abstract

We estimated the spatial distribution of small-scale heterogeneities as anomalous amplification of coda level in the Hidaka, Japan, region. We analyzed 2768 seismograms in a frequency range of 1-32 Hz for 24 earthquakes recorded at 62 stations. First, we estimated the site effect of each station, using the coda normalization method with regional earthquake data of large epicentral distances. All the data processing was done after the correction of this site effect. Next, we determined coda amplitude factor (CAF), that is, the amplitude ratio of coda waves on each source-station pair relative to the averaged coda amplitude over stations, for earthquakes inside the region. We found systematic spatial variations of CAF, implying the existence of localized heterogeneities. At frequencies lower than 2 Hz, the CAF is relatively large in the west of the Hidaka Mountains, implying the possibility of strong heterogeneities with a scale of 0.6-1.3 km there. In a high-frequency range (>16 Hz), CAF values are large on paths crossing the Hidaka Mountains. From the corresponding lapse time of coda (65 sec), there may be a zone of concentrated heterogeneities beneath the Hidaka Mountains at the depth of 100-120 km.

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