We have measured the decay rate of high-frequency (4- to 50-Hz) P waves in the northeastern United States. We analyzed signals from 28 explosions of a 1988 USGS/AFGL/GSC refraction survey recorded at distances between 30 and 400 km. Over this range, the decay rate steadily increases from Δ−2 at 10 Hz to Δ−4 at 45 Hz. If one assumes geometric spreading of Δ−1.3, then the remaining decay is consistent with a nearly frequency-independent Q of about 1000. The results provide a useful parameterization for predicting P-wave spectra at near-regional ranges.

This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.