Abstract

Stable single-station estimates of magnitude have been made using the 1-Hz Lg coda envelope of regionally recorded nuclear explosions from the Nevada Test Site (NTS). After empirical relations describing the Lg coda envelope were found for each NTS-station path, single station magnitudes based on the Lg coda envelope were made with precision in the range of 0.03 to 0.04 magnitude units, whereas magnitudes based on third peak Lg amplitude, rms Lg amplitude, and Pn amplitude had scatter on the order of 0.15 to 0.2 magnitude units, generally five times larger than the coda scatter. Despite the high station correlations, the magnitude-yield residuals for events above the water table using the network average mb(LgCoda) were only marginally better than the other magnitude estimates, roughly 10% smaller. Magnitude-yield residual for events above the water table between mb(LgCoda) and mb(Lg) are strongly correlated suggesting that the source region properties, such as gas porosity, affect both magnitudes. Using only a single station, the standard deviation for magnitude-yield residuals using mb(LgCoda) were roughly 25% smaller than those derived from mb(Lg) or mb(Pn). These results show that the method is ideally suited to monitoring efforts in sparsely instrumented regions where little is known about the lateral variations of medium properties.

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