Abstract

The seismic source spectra of microearthquakes having seismic moments between 1014 and 1018 dyne cm were investigated by using local recordings from an excellent hard-rock site. The P-wave velocity near the site was estimated as about 6 km/sec, even immediately below the ground surface. The effect of anelastic attenuation was thought to be very small, since predominant frequencies of greater than 100 Hz were detected in seismograms recorded at focal distances greater 10 km. Many seismograms with S-P times of less than 0.6 sec were observed.

The first cycle of the P-wave velocity seismogram was used in this study. The waveforms after the first cycle are likely formed near the site, since their periods are exactly the same for earthquakes that have different source processes. In the high-frequency portion of the estimated displacement source spectra, the slopes of the fall-off have values much greater than 2. The source process of microearthquakes is assumed to be very slow and smooth.

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