Over 700 accelerograms recorded from 12 earthquakes in northeast Taiwan have been analyzed for investigating the behavior of vertical and horizontal peak and spectral ground motion in the near-source region. Peak horizontal and vertical ground acceleration (PGA), velocity (PGV), and displacement (PGD) in the range of engineering interest have been subjected to a two-step nonlinear regression procedure in terms of magnitude and hypocentral distance.
In comparison with a number of other studies of global PGA observations, our predictions show lower far-field attenuation, lower near-source amplitudes, higher magnitude saturation for the vertical component, lower magnitude saturation for the horizontal component, and higher magnitude scaling.
The 2 / 3 ratio of vertical to horizontal ground motion, commonly used in engineering applications, may be unconservative in the very near-field for high-frequency ground motion. It falls below 1 / 2 at distances greater than 50 km. The same ratio for PGV and PGD tends to increase with distance, the latter at a faster rate. For SMART-1 data the major source of uncertainty appears to be inter-event rather than intra-event randomness. The predominance of the inter-event uncertainty in ground motions near the source is expected to be a characteristic of all dense arrays.