A. F. Kushnir, V. M. Lapshin, V. I. Pinsky, J. Fyen; Statistically optimal event detection using small array data. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America ; 80 (6B): 1934–1950. doi:
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A generalization of Capon's maximum-likelihood technique for detection and estimation of seismic signals is introduced. By using a multi-dimensional autoregressive approximation of seismic array noise, we have developed a technique to use Capon's multi-channel filter for on-line processing. Such autoregressive adaptation to the curent noise matrix power spectrum is shown to yield good suppression of mutually correlated array noise processes. As an example, this technique is applied to detection of a small Semipalatinsk underground explosion recorded at the ARCESS array.