Abstract

This paper presents an approach to multi-channel processing of data recorded by a network of stations which represents an extension of the delay-and-sum beamforming traditionally applied in array processing. A number of geographical beam-steering points are defined, and for each beam a set of time-aligned traces derived from the network stations are processed together so as to extract, for each step in time, a set of features corresponding to that particular beam. Applying this approach to the network of the three regional arrays, NORESS, ARCESS, and FINESA, in Fennoscandia, we demonstrate its usefulness for associating regional phases detected at individual arrays and originating from the same event. We also address the problem of using a network to continously monitor the seismic noise field. The purpose here is to determine to what extent interfering events affect the monitoring of events within a target region. In this regard, we show that one can obtain, at a given confidence level, a continuous assessment of the upper limit of magnitudes of seismic events in the target region that would go undetected by such a network.

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