Liang-Zie Hu, George A. McMechan, Jerry M. Harris; Elastic finite-difference modeling of cross-hole seismic data. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America ; 78 (5): 1796–1806. doi:
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Cross-hole seismic data exhibit unique characteristics not seen in surface survey data or even in vertical seismic profile data. These are, to a large extent, due to the near-horizontal propagation involved. Transmitted, reflected, evanescent, guided, and converted waves are all prominent; these require an elastic algorithm for realistic simulation. Elastic finite-differences are used to synthesize responses (both fixed-time snapshots and seismogram profiles) for a series of two-dimensional models of increasing complexity. Special emphasis is given to guided waves in continuous and segmented low-velocity zones.